Digital education expert Sian Bayne教授 is challenging us to see technology not just as a tool for learning, 而是从根本上改变了十大体育外围平台排名的学习方式.
当十大体育外围平台排名想到数字学习, 十大体育外围平台排名常常想象一个孤独的学生, 蹲在一个小屏幕上，眼神呆滞. Research carried out at the University of Edinburgh shows that harnessing technology in the correct way can have a huge impact on online education and is a far cry from this outdated assumption.
“在过去的15到20年里，随着技术的发展，教育发生了很大的变化,Sian Bayne教授解释道, 十大体育外围平台排名首页教育研究中心主任. Her research challenges preconceptions of digital education and explores the possibilities of new technologies to make online learning more sustainable, 有效和方便.
在当前的气候下, it’s impossible to think about digital education without considering the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. “The Covid digital pivot was obviously a massive challenge for everyone working in all sectors of education,贝恩教授说. “当大流行开始时，这是巨大的创伤和困难，学生和教职员工都受到了影响.”
因为十大体育外围平台排名不得不重新考虑数字技术在日常生活中的使用, 在线学习的作用成为了人们关注的焦点:“十大体育外围平台排名看到了一些非常激进的做法, 这种快速变化将在大流行结束后长期持续下去.”
尽管这种情况给双方都带来了压力, 贝恩教授对其对数字教育的影响持乐观态度:“作为一个行业, it’s now becoming clear that – awful though it was – we are emerging out of it with a much stronger sense of the possibilities of creative digital education, 在学习技术方面有更大的信心.
“这很重要，十大体育外围平台排名有一个强大的, 重要的研究基础，可以帮助十大体育外围平台排名理解这些转变的影响, 尤其是它们对重要社会问题的影响，比如获取渠道, 股本, 包容, 隐私和教学质量.”
贝恩教授和她在教育研究中心的团队正在生产这种产品. 他们在数字教育领域的跨学科研究侧重于知识交流和影响, supporting real change in the way technologies are understood and used in education: “We research digital education in international contexts, 试图理解它如何支持发展议程, 以及文化差异如何影响它的使用.
“十大体育外围平台排名与博物馆和画廊就非正式数字教育进行了大量合作, 十大体育外围平台排名在社会方面有大量的工作, 数据社会对教育的政治和伦理影响. Our Data Education in 学校 team does fantastic work on data literacy and data citizenship within schools, and we have a great portfolio of research on the role of technology on the everyday lives of pre-school children.”
One of their first projects that marked a huge change in the landscape of digital education was the creation of massive open online courses, 网络公开课或. Professor Bayne shares more: “We were involved very early on with MOOCs – from as far back as 2012 when they were brand new and full of a sense of possibility! 十大体育外围平台排名大学在这个领域是真正的领导者.”
In 2013 the team was invited to become the first UK member of the Stanford University-based MOOC platform, Coursera, 他们在哪里开发了最早的课程. “It enabled social engagement between a massive cohort of learners – before that most platform MOOCs were about learners consuming content rather than about new forms of teaching and community building,贝恩教授解释道. “十大体育外围平台排名利用十大体育外围平台排名的研究创造了动态的、参与的大规模教学方式. 十大体育外围平台排名的MOOC课程——电子学习和数字文化——在当时是非常创新的.”
现在这类短期在线课程更加普遍, but Professor Bayne is keen to remind us that their impact is still vital: “They remain a fantastic thing – a way of sharing our work and enabling millions of learners to benefit from our research. We now have a large portfolio of outstanding short courses that we offer from Edinburgh and they are so important in the way they enable us to reach out to learners globally.”
不仅仅是高等教育机构在使用短期在线课程, 看到了好处. 在推出电子学习和数字文化之后, 世界银行与贝恩教授和她的团队进行了接触. 她解释道:“世界银行(World Bank)的开放学习负责人意识到了MOOC, 喜欢十大体育外围平台排名开发的吸引学习者的动态方法.”
Professor Bayne and her team consulted on the development of the World Bank MOOC portfolio: “The designs we developed underpinned a lot of the MOOCs they ended up offering. The first one we developed with them – called Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4 Degree Warmer World Must be Avoided – has reached over 39,超过180个国家的000名学习者.”
那么，利用数字教育并创造这种影响的最佳方式究竟是什么呢? 贝恩教授在这方面写了大量文章, 2020年，她的团队发表了《十大体育外围平台排名首页》. 从那时起, 它被翻译成西班牙语, 汉语和克罗地亚语，并被用于全球各地的教学材料.
“看到人们使用《十大体育外围平台排名首页》真的很令人兴奋! Those of us in the author team regularly see the postcard version pinned up in offices all over the place,贝恩教授说. “这是一项十大体育外围平台排名非常自豪的工作.
“The Manifesto is important because it uses our research to make a strong set of statements about practice – in a way it’s one of the most direct mobilisations of our research agenda, 它还有助于激发全世界的讨论，为变革提供信息,她继续说道. 由于这是一个快速发展的领域，该团队已经在计划第三版.
这是宣言的主要教义之一, 是为了表明技术不仅仅是在线学习的一个单一方面. Professor Bayne explains more: “There is still a tendency for people to see technology as a tool – in education this surfaces as an assumption that we can just use technology to make our teaching better, 更高效的, 更加可伸缩, 反应更灵敏等等.”
It’s this position that Professor Bayne and her team have been looking to counter through their research, 这也是他们的工作产生如此大影响的原因. “The role of technology in society is much more complex than that instrumentalist view would have us believe,贝恩教授继续说道. “技术不仅仅扩展了实践，它还改变了实践, 改变了十大体育外围平台排名作为教育者的工作环境.”
The pandemic also helped to challenge another assumption of digital learning that Professor Bayne and the team address in the Manifesto – that of it being inferior to in-person teaching. 贝恩教授解释说:“十大体育外围平台排名仍然在公共和媒体话语中看到很多这样的说法，它是如此的简化. 十大体育外围平台排名的研究表明，实际情况要微妙得多.
“Covid-19 has given us a lot of insight into how introducing elements of online teaching improves education – can make it more accessible, 更吸引人,她继续说道, “But well before that we had developed in our own University and elsewhere so many examples of outstanding, 高质量的数字教学. What we need in future is more confidence and flexibility in the way that we balance and mix modes to the benefit of our students.”
回顾过去的几年, Professor Bayne is particularly proud of how the Centre and her team have grown since 2015: “We have a team of 20 academics and 25 PhD students doing incredible, 我认为十大体育外围平台排名的研究确实有助于改善教育.”
不管他们已经走了多远, 贝恩教授对未来仍有雄心勃勃的计划, 特别是通过跨学科合作. 与十大体育外围平台排名期货研究所合作, which provides the opportunity to tackle today’s challenges across disciplines to find new perspectives and solutions, 是一种可能性. She shares more: “There are areas of research we would like to grow – climate change and sustainable digital education, 道德数据期货, 以及在国际范围内负责任和公正的数字教育. 我认为这些是未来十年该领域和整个行业面临的主要挑战, 十大体育外围平台排名希望处于领导这些讨论的位置. Connecting up with new work happening elsewhere in the University – in particular the Edinburgh Futures Institute – is going to really help us grow our understanding of these critical areas over the coming years.”